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TRIPOLI, Libya (AP) — The CIA worked closely with Moammar Gadhafi’s intelligence services in the rendition of terror suspects to Libya for interrogation, according to documents seen Saturday by the AP, cooperation that could spark tensions between Washington and Libya’s new rulers.
The CIA was among a number of foreign intelligence services that worked with Libya’s agencies, according to documents found at a Libyan security agency building in Tripoli.
The discovery came as the Libyan rebels said they would surround pro-Gadhafi cities until the Sept. 10 deadline for their surrender.
“We are by the grace of God in a position of strength, capable of entering any city, to deploy any of our fighters in any direction,” the head of the rebels’ National Transitional Council, Mustafa Abdul-Jalil, told reporters in Benghazi. “However, in our desire to avoid bloodshed and to avoid more destruction to public properties and national institutions, we have given an ultimatum of one week to the areas of Sirte, Bani Walid, Jufra and Sabha.”
“It is an opportunity for these cities to peacefully join the revolution,” he said, adding the rebels were providing humanitarian aid to the besieged areas along with water and electricity services.
The intelligence documents found in Tripoli, meanwhile, provided new details on the ties between Western countries and Gadhafi’s regime. Many of those same countries backed the NATO attacks that helped Libya’s rebels force Gadhafi from power.
One notable case is that of Abdel-Hakim Belhaj, commander of the anti-Gadhafi rebel force that now controls Tripoli. Belhaj is the former leader of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, a now-dissolved militant group with links to al-Qaida. Belhaj says he was tortured by CIA agents at a secret prison, then returned to Libya.
Two documents from March 2004 appear to be American correspondence to Libyan officials to arrange Belhaj’s rendition.
Referring to him by his nom de guerre, Abdullah al-Sadiq, the documents say he will be flown from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, to Libya and asks for Libyan government agents to accompany him.
It also requests American “access to al-Sadiq for debriefing purposes once he is in your custody.”
“Please be advised that we must be assured that al-Sadiq will be treated humanely and that his human rights will be respected,” the document says.
Peter Bouckaert of Human Rights Watch, which found the documents, called the ties between Washington and Gadhafi’s regime “a very dark chapter in American intelligence history, and it remains a stain on the record of the American intelligence services that they cooperated with these very abusive intelligence services.”
In Washington, CIA spokeswoman Jennifer Youngblood declined to comment Saturday on any specific allegation related to the documents.
“It can’t come as a surprise that the Central Intelligence Agency works with foreign governments to help protect our country from terrorism and other deadly threats,” Youngblood said. “That is exactly what we are expected to do.”
Rami al-Shaheibi contributed from Benghazi, Libya.
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Documents found in Tripoli detail close ties between the CIA and Libya’s intelligence service and suggest the United States sent terrorism suspects for questioning in Libya despite that country’s reputation for torture, the New York Times reported on Saturday.
The Times reported that the files cover the time from 2002 to 2007, when Moussa Koussa headed Libya’s External Security Organization. Koussa most recently had been Libya’s foreign minister but defected from now-fugitive leader Muammar Gaddafi’s government and flew to Britain on March 30 amid this year’s rebel uprising.
The newspaper reported that the documents — including some English-language files concerning the CIA and Britain’s MI-6 intelligence agency — were found on Friday at the abandoned office of Libya’s former spy chief by journalists and the group Human Rights Watch.
The Times said it was impossible to verify the authenticity of the documents but that their content appears to be consistent with facts known about the U.S. transfer of terrorism suspects abroad for interrogation — a practice known as rendition — and other known CIA practices. Renditions occurred under former President George W. Bush’s administration.
It has been known that Western intelligence services began cooperating with Libya after Gaddafi abandoned his program to build unconventional weapons in 2004. But the files show cooperation with the CIA and MI-6 was more extensive than previously understood, the Times reported.
One document appears to be a proposed speech written by the Americans for Gaddafi about renouncing unconventional weapons. Other files show that MI-6 was willing to trace telephone numbers for the Libyans.
A series of communications about renditions is dated after Libya’s 2004 renouncement of its weapons program. The files mention having a friendly country arrest a terrorism suspect, and then suggest aircraft would be sent to retrieve the suspect and bring him to Libya for questioning, the Times reported.
One document detailed a list of 89 questions for the Libyans to ask a terrorism suspect, the Times said.
Some documents told the Libyans to respect detainees’ human rights but the Americans still turned over the suspects to a Libyan intelligence service with a long-established history of brutality, the Times said.
“The rendition program was all about handing over these significant figures related to al Qaeda so they could torture them and get the information they wanted,” Peter Bouckaert of Human Rights Watch, who studied the documents in the intelligence headquarters in downtown Tripoli, told the Times.
CIA spokeswoman Jennifer Youngblood is quoted by the Times as declining to comment specifically on the documents but saying, “It can’t come as a surprise that the Central Intelligence Agency works with foreign governments to help protect our country from terrorism and other deadly threats.”
The British Foreign Office told the Times: “It is the longstanding policy of the government not to comment on intelligence matters.”